Some people do not realize what alcohol does to your body. From liver to heart and brains to kidneys, alcohol can have effects on many parts of your body. This article will explain what alcohol does to your body.
How does alcohol affect the body? After the first sip of your drink, the alcohol becomes absorbed in your blood stream and will reach your brain. Alcohol will then impair your brain function, and then your brain function will deteriorate the more you drink. Cognitive abilities such as, behavior and conduct will cease, and as the brain cells keep reacting to the alcohol, eventually you will experience lack of attention, memory, coordination and sleep. The effects of alcohol on the body do not end with just the brain.
If you are still wondering what alcohol does to your body, this is what it can do to your heart. It can cause your heart to beat differently than usual, causing a drop in blood pressure; which may make your breathing rate speed up. Excessive drinking may create atrial fibrillation, which is a quick irregular heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation can make the blood form clots, and then travel to the brain, possibly causing a stroke. In time overuse of alcohol can lead to many heart irregularities and possibly chronic high- blood pressure.
The effects of alcohol on the body continue with your liver. The alcohol becomes metabolized inside of the liver, and with overuse of alcohol it is a possibility that you may develop acute or chronic disease of your liver. In time fatty globules can form inside of your liver, due to alcohol obstructing the balance of your fat metabolism and liver enzymes. When the liver is breaking down the alcohol, byproducts are formed which become toxic to the body. It is these toxins that cause the development of cirrhosis of the liver and liver failure.
Short-term effects of alcohol on the body can also be very dangerous. The different alcohol effects on the human body are measured by concentrations of alcohol in the blood, also known as blood alcohol content (BAC). When the BAC is at about .23% it is known as lethargy. The effects of alcohol on the body in this condition would be, losing balance and losing coordination; the person would become very tired and also have blurred vision. At .28% the term used is confusion, a person may become overly aggravated, sentimental or emotional. At this stage nausea and dizziness are very common. When the BAC reaches .39% it is known as a stupor. People may go in and out of consciousness repeatedly. At this stage a person could go into a coma, and death is a possibility. As the BAC reaches .50% the condition is categorized as a coma. This occurs when the person is unconscious and there are very low body reflexes. The declining breathing rate results in a low rated heartbeat. When the BAC passes .50% alternately the central nervous system will shut down and death will occur. The effects of alcohol on the body can be bad, but the withdrawal from alcohol can be even worse causing extremely ill effects of alcohol on the body that can be very severe. Even short-term alcohol usage can damage your body more than you know and the effects of alcohol on the body are terrible and can cause sickness, coma and possibly even death.