Alcohol is addictive and undoubtedly one of the most preferred mode of intoxication worldwide. However, it is well known that its consumption is harmful in long run and has the potential to cause permanent damage, sooner or later, depending on the immunological strength of an individual body. Rapid advancement in lifestyle and changing trends have exposed alcohol consumption to every group age and therefore, one can say it has penetrated deep in the society while not remaining a part of only leisure and fun activity but of negative socialism as well.
It is hard to resist the temptation of drinking alcohol once you are addicted to it and you can be classified as addicted if you are a male and having 15 or more drinks per week and 8 or more drinks as female, every week. Addicted people suffer from major long term alcohol withdrawal symptoms and even regular and frequent drinkers can have these symptoms as well, while planning to leave alcohol, once and for all. These symptoms can take a toll on psychological and physical health of the body in many ways, disturbing routine lifestyle and efficiency to great extent. In few cases, the condition can get so bad that it might even lead to hospitalization or even shifting to rehabilitation center for duration prescribed medical officers.
Few of the physical withdrawal symptoms are sleepless nights or insomnia, rigorous perspiring, painful headaches, nausea, pallor, vomiting, shaky hands, pupils gets dilated, not feeling hungry, abnormal eyelids actions, increase in heart beat and pulse rate and clammy skin. The intensity of how bad these symptoms can take shape varies from person to person. While many can get away with only minor physical and psychological changes in the body, many of the withdrawal symptom patients have took considerable pain as well as time to get over it and every year, considerable number of cases of death have been reported as well.
Physical symptoms in combination with psychological symptoms and disorder can prove to be deadly as the body starts missing what it was used to, and in absence of alcohol, starts reacting abnormally causing patient to enter panic mode, mentally. It cases irritation, agitation, mood swings, lack of concentration, low efficiency, fatigue, anxiety, depression, low confidence, shakiness and patient might even become violent or highly aggressive at times.
The whole process of addiction and withdrawal thereafter revolves around the interaction between the ethanol and neurotransmitters. Excitatory neurons are NMDA which helps in controlling the inhibition and senses of the body and sends routine reflexes but ethanol consumptions, overpowers its functions and takes the driver’s seat. Regular and long term ethanol consumption therefore, causes the receptors of NMDA to up-regulate and adapt to this frequent ethanol intake and reach the stage of tolerance. When ethanol intake is then decreased to great extent or stopped permanently, the upregulation which was caused and the neuroexcitatory tone which got increased due to alcohol intake, gets disturbed and reacts to result as withdrawal symptoms and seizures. This is why it is very necessary that in first place, keep the drinking habit restricted to occasional frequency and if at all you have reached the addictive stage, consult a doctor to suggest you the best plan according to your body and health, to get rid of this ugly addiction.