Even moderate drinkers will probably already be aware of some of the short term effects of alcohol on the body. For those who have had too much to drink, feelings of sluggishness, stomach pains and loss of appetite are common side effects following an evening of overdoing one’s alcohol intake. However, the effects that too much alcohol has on your system are not limited to these symptoms. In fact, its depressant effects can be seen throughout a drinker’s body, often manifesting itself in unhealthy ways.
Most people are by now aware of the health benefits that can come with drinking small amounts of alcohol, particularly wine, regularly. The reason why this practice can be good for your heart is that is causes a drinker’s heart rate, and therefore their blood pressure, to go down. When alcohol is consumed in higher quantities, though, it can begin to have effects that are more serious, slowing down the heart to less healthy levels. These symptoms will generally be alleviated when the alcohol has left your symptom, but it can cause long term heart problems or irregularities in regular heavy drinkers.
Another of the most common short term effects of alcohol is troubled sleep. Though some mistakenly believe that drinking before bed will help to put the drinker to sleep, and allow them to remain asleep, this is not the case for those who have more than a single drink. Heavy drinkers will typically have trouble falling into the deep, restorative sleep that is required to feel refreshed in the morning, instead waking up frequently throughout the night. Not only that, but they will often awake well before they have been asleep for the optimum amount of time, causing them to feel tired and fatigued throughout the day.
Most moderate drinkers are aware that alcohol is a depressant, but they may not know the short term effects of alcohol on the brain. Though it is no longer widely believe that alcohol actually kills brain cells, it has been noted to slow reaction times by affecting the nerve centers in the brain. This is a universal side effect of alcohol, and explains why drinking and driving is such a dangerous proposition. Even if a drinker is not operating a car, it is common to feel a loss of fine motor skills and balance, which will be restored once the alcohol has left their system.
Dehydration is probably the most well known of the short term effects of alcohol. In order to avoid this issue, it is a good idea to ensure that you drink plenty of water throughout the evening, as well as before you go to bed for the night. Those who do not do so are more likely to experience stomach pains and headaches that come with a lack of proper hydration and some feel that most hangover symptoms actually spring from this side effect.
For those who drink in moderation, it is possible to avoid many of the negative short term effects of alcohol and enjoy only the positive side effects. Each person’s tolerance varies, but a single drink is generally the recommended intake for most adults who are hoping to enjoy health benefits.